The appellations

Abruzzo

The Abruzzo DOC denomination covers the entire hilly area of the coastal and foothills of the Abruzzo region. The vineyards of choice of this DOC are Montepulciano for red wine, present for at least 80%, and Trebbiano for white wine, present for at least 51% and assisted with other non-aromatic white grape varieties. Varietal wines, entirely produced from indigenous varieties, such as Cococciola, Montonico, Passerina and Pecorino, can include the name of the grape in the denomination. The production of raisin wines and sparkling wines is also permitted under the denomination.

Aglianico del Vulture

The Aglianico del Vulture DOC is a denomination that extends over many territories of many municipalities in the province of Potenza. It is an area located on the slopes of the ancient extinct volcano of Vulture. It is an area of ancient traditions in the field of viticulture, characterized by soils rich in minerals, deriving from the decay of volcanic rocks, and by a cool climate. In these conditions, Aglianico del Vulture has found the ideal habitat to express itself on the highest levels of excellence, with wines of great structure, power and elegance, also intended for long aging.

Alexander Valley

Alexander Valley is one of the most important wine regions of Sonoma County, California. Among the hottest areas in the nation, it stretches around the Russian River, to the foot of the Mayacamas Mountains that separate Sonoma from the Napa Valley. The key grape variety of this region is certainly Cabernet Sauvignon which returns more lively and less fruity wines than those produced in nearby Napa from the same variety. Other vines are also planted in the Alexander Valley , including Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay and Sauvignon, but above all old vineyards of Zinfandel grapes. Some of the best California wines come from the Zinfandel Lytton Springs vineyard.

Alghero

Alsazia

The Alsace AOC appellation was established in 1962. The region is located on the border with Germany, near the city of Colmar. It covers a narrow strip that runs from north to south, divided into two areas: Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin. Alsace AOC wines have the particularity of having the name of the grape on the label. There are 7 grapes authorized to produce pure wines: muscat, sylvaner, pinot blanc, pinot gris, pinot noir, riesling and gewurztraminer. It is also possible to make assemblies with the same grapes that take the name of Edelzwicker and Gentil. 90% of the wines produced in Alsace are white and are distinguished by great finesse, freshness and minerality.

Alta Langa

Alta Langa DOCG represents one of the best excellence of the Italian Classic Method sparkling wine. It is a rather small area, with a limited production of bottles, but with great traditions of the highest quality. The vineyards are grown in the hilly areas of strong wine-growing vocation located in the provinces of Cuneo, Asti and Alessandria at an altitude between 200 and 600 meters above sea level. The cool climate, the noticeable temperature fluctuations and the soils made of calcareous-clayey marl are perfect for producing excellent sparkling bases. The specification defines the ampelographic base for white sparkling wine (also reserve), rosé sparkling wine (also reserve) in a minimum of pinot noir and / or chardonnay of 90%. Other non-aromatic grapes can compete, authorized in the Piedmont region for a maximum of 10%. The bottles must stand on the lees for a minimum period of 30 months and 36 for the reserve version.

Alto Adige

Alto Adige DOC is a Regional Denomination, which includes six sub-areas: Colli di Bolzano, Meranese, Santa Maddalena, Terlano, Valle Isarco and Valle Venosta, each with typical characteristics from the point of view of the composition of the land, the altitude and of exposures. Among the vines that can be mentioned in the Alto Adige DOC label we mention among the whites: chardonnay, pinot bianco, pinot grigio, sauvignon blanc, gewürztraminer, müller thurgau, riesling, italic riesling, kerner, sylvaner, yellow muscat and malvasia. Among the red grape varieties: cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, cabernet, pinot noir, schiava (large, gentle and gray).

Amarone della Valpolicella

Amarone della Valpolicella is one of the most famous and appreciated dry DOCG red wines in the world, with a reputation built in a few decades of history. Its production is allowed only in the area of Valpolicella Classica, in the municipalities of Fumane, Negrar, Marano and Sant'Ambrogio della Valpolicella, San Pietro in Cariano, but also in those of Valpantena, Val Tramigna, Val d'Illasi and Val di Mezzane , in the province of Verona. Overall, the production area extends from Lake Garda to the border with Vicenza, along a series of valleys and hills that follow one another without stopping. Valpolicella is certainly one of the areas most suited to viticulture, whose name would derive from the Latin Vallis-polis-celle and would mean "valleys with many cellars", never a more representative name. Amarone is obtained from only red berried grapes typical of Valpolicella, with a significant presence of the Corvina Veronese variety (from 45 to 95%), to which are added other red berried vines, typically Corvinone (max 50%), Rondinella (from 5 to 30%) and molinara (from 5 to 25%). This structured red wine from Veronese was given the name of Amarone to differentiate it from Recioto, sweet sweet raisin wine from which it originates. It is said that when the cellar manager Adelino Lucchese tasted the contents of a barrel of Recioto della Valpolicella forgotten in the cellar by mistake , he was struck by the bitter taste of that wine, coming to declare that it was not only a bitter wine but even a wine " amarone ". Its flavor was highly appreciated and the new term was immediately reported on the label. Since then, the production process has been completed up to the current production method, which provides a substantial post-harvest withering within plateaux stacked in fruttai aerated. In this phase there is a progressive reduction of the water content in the berries, with an increasingly higher concentration of sugars, the same which will give the character and the intense aromatic outfit that distinguish it. This phase is followed by a slow fermentation at low temperature lasting 30-50 days. Once the winemaking process is completed, the aging required by its production specification is at least two years inside wooden containers, generally in Slavonian oak barrels or in small French oak barrels. At least four to be able to say Reserve . Amarone wines made within the historic region of Valpolicella will take on the name of Classico . In order to be able to bear the denomination, all operations must take place within the established borders of the area of origin. It develops a great wine with an intense and deep ruby red color that tends to garnet with aging. The aroma is characteristic, very pronounced, of red and black fruits, accompanied by fragrant notes of dried flower potpourri which turn towards spicy and earthy hints in the more advanced versions. In the mouth it is a wine of great structure and fullness, warm and velvety, dense and round. It divinely accompanies important red meat, roast and braised dishes, or aged cheeses. It is excellent for meditation. < Amarone is one of the most long-lived Italian red wines, capable of supporting an aging of over 20 years in ideal storage conditions. Being produced with dried bunches, it is necessary that the Amarone grapes are perfectly healthy and intact, therefore it suffers from particularly wet, fresh and rainy vintages that often cause mold problems. Here are the vintages deemed best for the denomination: 2011 . A vintage that started with a rainy winter and a rather hot and dry spring. The rains also characterized the beginning of summer, which then stabilized on good weather. The harvest was brought forward with healthy and excellent quality grapes. The wines are intense, fresh and balanced. 2010 . Vintage overall cool but rather regular in its development. The weeks before the harvest were characterized by significant temperature changes which ensured grapes with very rich aromatic profiles. Interesting wines for freshness and aromas, less powerful, warm and structured compared to the sunniest vintages. 2008 . 2008 is what is usually defined as a classic vintage, with the weeks that preceded the harvest dry and with important temperature changes and excellent phenolic ripeness. Harmonious and intense wines, but which have also preserved the right freshness. 2006 . The 2006 vintage is remembered as one of the best of the last decades, with a splendid and dry September and autumn, ideal for withering. Rich and concentrated wines, powerful and persistent. 2004. A thousandth started with a rainy spring and a splendid summer, which allowed an excellent ripening of the grapes. The stable and dry climate allowed a good drying of the bunches. The wines are harmonious, intense and aromatically rich.

Aversa

The denomination Aversa DOC covers the geographical area of the plain located north of the Campi Flegrei, in the area of the former Regi Lagni. The aim is to protect white wines produced with local Asprinio grapes which have a distinctive value, cultivated only with the "aversana tree-lined" breeding system, a cultural as well as an environmental asset of the territory. The denomination is declined in the firm version, which must contain at least 85% of Asprinio grapes harvested in the provinces of Naples and Caserta, and in sparkling wine, where the presence of Asprinio must reach 100%.

Bandol

Denomination of Provençal origin whose vineyards stretch for 1480 hectares between the Sauinte Baume massif and the Mediterranean sea, arranged in terraces on marly and limestone soils. Bandol AOC can be called white wines made from Clairette, Ugni Blanc, Bourboulenc grapes and red and rosé wines from Mourvèdre, Grenache and Cinsault grapes. If whites are round, seductive and generous wines, red wines are characterized by a refined power and character. The latter must be aged in cask for at least 18 months.

Barbaresco

The Barbaresco DOCG denomination represents one of the best national excellence. It is located in the Langhe and extends over the territories of the municipalities of Barbaresco, Neive, Treiso and part of the hamlet of Alba San Rocco Seno d'Elvio. The wine is produced with 100% Nebbiolo grapes. The minimum aging period required by the disciplinary for the Barbaresco DOCG is 26 months (9 in wood) and 50 months (9 in wood) for the Riserva version. A great refined, elegant and long-lasting red.

Barbera d'Alba

Barbera d'Asti

Barbera del Monferrato

Barbera del Monferrato DOC is a denomination that covers a large area that includes the territories of Asti and part of the province of Alessandria. The specification provides for the production of white and red wines with all the authorized vines in the provinces of Asti and Alessandria. If at least 85% of one of the following vines is used: dolcetto or freisa, it is possible to indicate it on the label. It is a territory of ancient traditions, which produces quality wines mainly with native Piedmontese vines. The denomination is also admitted for the sparkling type, the modern sparkling wine counterpart of the "lively" version that the producers used to release after having refermented in the bottle those wines that in March still contained some sugary residue. Since 2008, the denomination Barbera del Monferrato Superiore DOCG was established, a wine created to highlight the territorial preciousness, obtained from the most ripe bunches and subjected to an aging period of at least 14 months, of which at least 6 are spent in oak barrels.

Bardolino

The Bardolino DOC denomination extends on the Veronese shore of Lake Garda and is famous for its pleasantly fruity wines. The Bardolino Classico DOC area is limited to the territories of the municipalities of Affi, Bardolino, Cavaion, Costermano, Garda and Lazise. In the Bardolino DOC area, red, rosé, famous Chiaretto and Novelli wines are produced with the local red grapes: Corvina Veronese, Corvinone, Rondinella and Molinara. It is a medium-bodied wine with great drinkability and easy pairing at the table.

Barolo

Barolo DOCG is one of the most famous Italian wines in the world. It is produced with pure Nebbiolo grapes in the municipalities of Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Serralunga d'Alba and partly in the territory of the municipalities of Monforte d'Alba, Novello, La Morra, Verduno, Grinzane Cavour, Diano d'Alba, Cherasco and Roddi . The minimum aging period of Barolo DOCG is 38 months (18 in wood) and 62 months (18 in wood) for the Riserva version. Barolo DOCG is a wine of great personality and charm, which combines power and elegance. It is a long-aging red.

Barolo Chinato

Barolo DOCG is one of the most famous Italian wines in the world. It is produced with pure Nebbiolo grapes in the municipalities of Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Serralunga d'Alba and partly in the territory of the municipalities of Monforte d'Alba, Novello, La Morra, Verduno, Grinzane Cavour, Diano d'Alba, Cherasco and Roddi . The denomination Barolo Chinato DOCG is reserved for wines flavored with Barolo wine base.

Bas Armagnac

French wine spirits produced within the borders of the Gers, Landes and Lot-et-Garonne departments can bear the Armagnac AOC controlled designation of origin. Based on variations in climatic conditions, armagnacs are divided into more specific areas of origin: Bas-Armagnac, Armagnac-Ténarèze and Haut-Armagnac. The Armagnacs with the highest reputation, most commonly considered valuable and collected, come almost entirely from Bas Armagnac AOC . Ten authorized grape varieties can contribute to the production of this brandy even if its personality is generally marked by the presence of one of these four varieties: ugni-blanc, folle blanche, baco and colombard. Sometimes you can find armagnac made from some vines that today constitute real rarities: clairette de Gascogne, jurançon blanc, plant de graisse, meslier saint françois and mauzac blanc. The wine to be started for distillation and finally for aging is always a naturally fermented white wine, low in alcohol and rather acidic, a characteristic that will allow the armagnac obtained to face long periods of aging. According to the requirements of the specification, it must be distilled in a traditional artisan certified alembic still. The quality of the oak and the capacity of the containers are also certified. It undergoes a strict quality control by the INAO body which discards armagnacs with quality that does not reach the standards of the denomination within the first year of aging. A Vintage armagnac is made with grapes from the same vintage, the others are all blends of spirits from different vintages. Based on the duration of aging, they can show the duration of aging expressed in years, e.g. 15 years, 20 years, or with the acronyms VS or ***, VSOP and XO or Hors d'Age which respectively indicate at least 1, 4 or 10 years of aging in oak barrels.

Basilicata

The Basilicata IGT denomination extends between the provinces of Potenza and Matera. It can be applied to white, red and rosé wines, as well as new and sparkling wines, but also to both red and white raisin wines. The characteristics of the wines produced with this denomination differ substantially according to the specific production areas. The territory can be macroscopically divided into the Apennine area, the Fossa Bradanica and the Avampese Apulo. The Vulture area in particular is characterized by soils of volcanic origin, with properties that give the territory high fertility. In this region, wines with a high historical tradition are produced, which refers to Enotri, around 1200 BC: Enotria owes its name to the exceptional quality of its wines.

Biferno

The Biferno DOC denomination extends over numerous municipalities in the province of Campobasso, in Molise. It can be attributed to red and rosé wines composed of Montepulciano grapes for 70-80% and Aglianico for 10-20% and to white wines based on Trebbiano Toscano for 70-80%. If the white Biferno DOC wine is generally dry, harmonious and slightly aromatic, the rosé wines marked with this denomination are delicate and fruity. The Biferno DOC red wine, on the other hand, is characterized by an ethereal aroma, a velvety body and the right amount of tannin. There is also a Superior and Reserve version for red wines: the latter must be subjected to aging for at least 3 years.

Blanquette de Limoux

Blanquette de Limoux is a denomination reserved for some sparkling wines of southern France, mainly produced from grapes of the Mauzac variety, which in the local language is called Blanquette, with small additions of Chenin Blanc and Chardonnay grapes harvested from some of the most ancients of the entire nation. Located at the foot of the Pyrenees mountains, it is one of the regions at the highest altitude and most continental in Languedoc-Roussillon, characteristics that translate into a style of sparkling wine unique and sought after by every enthusiast.

Bolgheri

The Bolgheri DOC denomination is one of the most prestigious Italian denominations. Located in the heart of the Tuscan Maremma, it extends over the territory of the municipality of Castagneto Carducci. The Bolgheri DOC specification provides for both the white version, with Vermentino, Sauvignon Blanc and Trebbiano Toscano grapes, and the pink and red version with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Syrah and Sangiovese grapes. Bolgheri DOC produces great reds with international grapes, the famous supertuscans so loved abroad. The Superiore mention is reserved for wines subjected to an aging of at least 24 months, 12 of which must be spent in fine oak barrels.

Bordeaux

Bordeaux AOC is a regional appellation that includes all the vineyards of the Bordeaux area, covering a total area of approximately 42,600 hectares, in the Gironde department. Bordeaux AOC represents the most important and best-selling appellation of Bordeaux in the world. Bordeaux AOC red wines are mainly produced with cabernet sauvignon, which brings tannic and merlot structure and texture, which gives fruity aromas and elegant softness. Cabernet franc, petit verdot, malbec and carmenère are also used to a lesser extent. Bordeaux AOC wines are long-lived wines, but thanks to the good aromatic and fruity content, they can also be appreciated in youth.

Borgogna

The Bourgogne AOC appellation is one of the most famous in the world. The Burgundy region is located in the central-eastern part of France and extends from Auxerre to Mâcon, on a total area of over 27,000 hectares. The Appellation Bourgogne AOC territory comprises 5 distinct areas: Chablis and Yonne, Côte-de-Nuits, Côte-de-Beaune, Côte Chalonnaise and Mâconnais. A very large area, which has very different climatic configurations. Just think that between the two extreme points of Chablis and Mâconnais there are about 200 kilometers away. The soils are generally of clay-limestone composition, which varies in percentages and characteristics from area to area. The vines mainly grown in Burgundy are chardonnay and pinot noir. However, there are also aligoté, gamay and in smaller percentages pinot gris, sauvignon blanc, melon de Bourgogne, sacy and césar. The large Burgundy vineyard is characterized by a subdivision into very small parcels, often less than one hectare, which are the result of a centuries-old zoning of the territory, which has focused on enhancing the specific characteristics of each individual terroir. All the tesserae of this large Burgundy mosaic produce around 200 million bottles annually and the appellation Bourgogne AOC is still synonymous with tradition, quality and excellence throughout the world.

Brachetto d'Acqui

Brandy de Jerez

Brandy de Jerez is a particular type of brandy, obtainable only within the Spanish territory of Jerez. The particular climatic conditions of this region, where the famous and appreciated Sherry is born, combined with the particular characteristics of the oak barrels in which aging takes place, generally American oak barrels previously used for the evolution of sherry, give rise to to a unique product of its kind. Depending on the length of aging, this brandy may be accompanied by the mentions Solera, 6 months of aging, Solera Reserva, 12 months, Solera Gran Reserva, over 3 years.

Breganze

The Breganze DOC is produced in the province of Vicenza. The specification provides for both the white version, with tai / friulano vines (minimum 50%), pinot bianco, chardonnay, vespaiola, sauvignon and pinot grigio, and the red version with merlot grapes (minimum 50%) marzemino, cabernet franc, cabernet sauvignon , pinot noir and carménère. After 2 years of aging, the red wines Breganze DOC can bear the mention Riserva. There is also a sparkling version with pinot noir grapes and the famous Torcolato wine, produced mainly with vespaiola grapes, subjected to drying.

Brunello di Montalcino

Brunello di Montalcino is a DOCG red wine , whose production territory is entirely included within the municipality of Montalcino , in the province of Siena. Despite being recognized for a long time as an area highly suited to viticulture, Montalcino owes its fame and prestige to Clemente Santi of the Biondi Santi winery which around 1865 produced in the Greppo il Brunello estate as we know it today, at those times under the name of “chosen red wine”, giving luster to the entire Montalcino hill , today renowned and known all over the world. Afterwards, other local families started the production of Brunello, which however remained in extremely limited quantities until the whole of 1950. Among the winemakers who distinguished themselves during this period there were Ferruccio Biondi Santi, nephew of Clemente and son of the Florentine doctor Jacopo Biondi who set particularly rigid production standards, Paccagnini, Anghirelli, Angelini and Padelletti. As foreseen by its production disciplinary , Brunello di Montalcino can be obtained only from Sangiovese grapes, a variety which in Montalcino is called juxtaposed Brunello. In particular, we refer to a clone of Sangiovese characterized by clusters that are on average larger and more vigorous than the common one, which for a time acquired the name of Sangiovese or Sangioveto Grosso. The specification also establishes important yield limits to guarantee the very high quality of this prestigious Tuscan wine. The part of wine that exceeds the yield can be destined for the production of another red wine therefore coming from the same production area: Rosso di Montalcino . It is a wine not subject to aging, less structured and drinkable in which the young aromas of Sangiovese emerge intact and defined. The Brunello di Montalcino is one of the oldest among Italian red wines, which can be sold only after being aged for five years, of which at least two years in oak barrels. After six years he receives the mention Riserva. Great wines of great caliber such as Brunello di Montalcino are recognized from their organoleptic characteristics . Its color is intense ruby red which tends to garnet with evolution. It has an intense and characteristic aroma of red flowers and sour cherry, often accompanied by balsamic notes. On the palate it is robust and tannic, powerful, dry and warm, with great harmony and aromatic persistence. Among the most suitable combinations we find game, both from fur and feather, fine cuts of red meat and medium-long aged cheeses. The choice of vintage , as well as of the producer, is fundamental for wines like Brunello. Apart from rare cases of excellent vintages in absolute terms, almost all vintages have positive and negative sides. Sometimes the wines are richer, mature and harmonious, other times they are fresher, finer and more vibrant. The Brunello di Montalcino Consortium has drawn up a ranking of the best vintages in this regard, in which the "stars" evaluation criterion is applied , with votes ranging from one to five. In any case, before accepting this vote as an identification of quality for the single vintage relating to the entire production area, it is good to keep in mind that the Montalcino hill has slopes with different exposures, altitudes and microclimates. Therefore, in a fresh vintage, it is possible to find the best expressions in the south, south-west area, with a more Mediterranean climate, on the contrary in a hot vintage, most probably the most balanced wines could be those from the north, north- east with a cooler and continental climate. The most significant years of the denomination are: 2013 . For the Consortium 4 stars. It was a strange year, with a fresh spring and a summer that started late, but it was very hot. The wines express this unresolved climatic tension and have retained a pleasant freshness. 2012 . For the 5 star Consortium. Warm year with intense and mature rich wines, with a Mediterranean profile, in many cases ready to drink. 2011 . For the 4 star Consortium. A rather warm year that gave a Brunello with a rather mature profile, pleasant to drink even when young. 2010 . For the 5 star Consortium. One of the best vintages of the last decades, to buy and keep in the cellar. Elegant and balanced wines. 2007 . For the 5 star Consortium. Classic and balanced vintage. Elegant and harmonious wines destined for long aging. 2006 . For the 5 star Consortium. Another notable vintage, especially for the wines of the cooler areas. Those who can afford to buy old vintages can orient themselves on the vintages 2004, 1997, 1995, 1991, 1990, 1988, 1985, 1975, 1970.

Burgenland

Calabria

California

California is one of the most important regions of the United States for the production of wine. Thanks to the temperate climate and particularly suitable soils, it has become one of the most popular areas of the New World. California's most popular production areas are Sonoma, Napa Valley, Mendocino and Santa Barbara. Red and white wines are produced with the most important traditional vines and with zinfandel, a vine that corresponds to our primitive.

Calvados

Calvados is a brandy of apples, sometimes of pears, produced in north-western France by over 1550 parishes of Normandy and Brittany, in the hinterland of the Pays de la Loire. Normandy is the productive epicenter, home of some of the best orchards in Europe. In 1942 10 districts of the Normandy and Brittany regions were protected by their own denomination, since 1984 united in a single Calvados AOC denomination. The Spanish name is probably due to a legend which tells that, in 1588, the Spanish ship El Salvador loaded with apple brandy was demolished off the Norman coast. The appellation includes 2 regional variants: Calvados Pays d'Auge where a more limited production is favored in favor of higher quality and Calvados Domfrontais, produced with an important percentage of pears. Except that the Calvados Pays d'Auge, doubly distilled in semi-continuous Charentais-style stills, all the other calvados are produced by single distillation. It follows refinement in barrels of at least 2 years to develop more complex aromas and a more velvety sensation on the palate. A curiosity: the wines produced in the same region are also characterized by the denomination Calvados, but PGI.

Campania

The wines produced in the entire regional territory fall under the Typical Campania Geographical Indication . Campania can boast of ancient origins in the field of viticulture, which date back to the period of the first Greek colonization. Already in Roman times Campania wines were considered among the best ever. Campania still represents one of the most suitable Italian regions for quality viticulture. The Campania IGT denomination is reserved for wines: white, rosé and red, obtained from grapes of one or more vines included among those suitable for cultivation in the various areas of the Campania region and registered in the national register of vine varieties for wine grapes. The name of one of the following vines can be indicated on the label: Aglianico, Foxtail, Falanghina, Fiano, Greek, Muscat, Piedirosso, Primitivo, Sciascinoso if the wines are produced with at least 85% of grapes of the corresponding vines.

Cannonau di Sardegna

Cannonau di Sardegna DOC is the most famous red wine in Sardinia. It is produced throughout the island, although the classic and historically most suitable areas are Jerzu in Ogliastra Oliena in Nuoro and Capo Ferrato in the Cagliari area. The specification of Cannonau di Sardegna DOC provides for rosé, red, passito and fortified versions, all produced with a minimum of 85% cannonau. For the Riserva version there is a minimum aging of 2 years of which 6 months in wood, for the Classic version a minimum aging of 2 years of which 12 months in wood.

Carignano del Sulcis

Carignano del Sulcis DOC is produced in the south western part of Sardinia in the province of Carbonia – Iglesias and Cagliari. The Carignano grape is grown, as well as in Sardinia, in Spain and in the south of France, but on the sandy soils of the Sulcis it gives particularly interesting and rich in personality wines. The Carignano del Sulcis DOC specification provides for the versions: rosé, red, young and passito, all produced with at least 85% of carignano. Carignano del Sulcis Superiore DOC must be produced with grapes coming exclusively from sapling plants.

Carmignano

The Carmignano wine-growing area, whose boundaries were defined by a decree of the Grand Duke Cosimo III de 'Medici in 1716, hosts the denominations Carmignano DOCG, Barco Reale di Carmignano DOC, Rosato di Carmignano DOC and Vin Santo di Carmignano DOC, also in its Occhio di Pernice version. The territory includes the hills of the municipalities of Carmignano and Poggio a Caiano located in the province of Prato, on the eastern slopes of Monte Albano, home of Chianti Montalbano. Although the name of Carmignano was protected even before the introduction of the DOC / DOCG quality system, it was absorbed by the most prestigious Chianti and the wines of the area were sold as Chianti Montalbano. In 1975, thanks to the decisive and tenacious action of the Carmignano winemakers, the area obtained an independent DOC which was promoted to DOCG in 1990. The Carmignano DOCG wines are obtained from a blend of Sangiovese grapes, which must make up at least 50%, Canaiolo Nero, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc. Other complementary grapes established by the disciplinary are also allowed up to a maximum of 10%. These are dry red wines in some ways similar in style to Chianti but from which it differs for precise organoleptic characteristics given by the presence of Cabernet grapes. It is compulsory to age 10 months in oak and / or chestnut barrels and 12 months for Carmignano Riserva DOCG. The wineries in the same area that do not intend to invest in the creation of a Carmignano DOCG wine can opt for the Barco Reale di Carmignano DOC denomination, considered the lighter and fresher version of the robust Carmignano DOCG, therefore considered its "younger brother" , obtained from the same blend but for which no particular requirements are defined regarding the aging period, conceived for young consumption. The name derives from the Medici Barco Reale, a vast hunting reserve established in the 17th century, even if the link between the estate and the wine is not perfectly clear. Rosé wines produced within the territory can boast the designation Rosato di Carmignano DOC . Vin Santo di Carmignano must be produced with Trebbiano Toscano and Malvasia del Chianti grapes, while the Occhio di Pernice version, so called because it is produced from red berried grapes, must be produced with a minimum of 50% Sangiovese to which they complement other authorized red grape varieties. The Vin Santo di Carmignano must age for 3 years in wooden casks and the Riserva version for 4 years.

Cartizze

The Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore Cartizze DOCG denomination is reserved for wines produced from vineyards grown on the prestigious and famous Cartizze hill, located in the territory of the hamlet of S. Pietro di Barbozza in the municipality of Valdobbiadene. A true and proper cru, which for the quality of the land, the altitude, the exposure and the particular microclimate, has always produced excellent wines. Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore Cartizze DOCG sparkling wines are traditionally produced in a dry, soft and enveloping version. They are distinguished by the finesse and intensity of the perfumes and the great aromatic persistence.

Castel del Monte

Castel del Monte DOC is one of the most famous appellations in Puglia and includes the territories of many municipalities in the province of Barletta – Andria – Trani and Bari. The disciplinary provides for many versions including white based on pampanuto, chardonnay and white bombino; the rosé made with Aglianico and the red produced with Aglianico, Cabernet and Nero di Troia. The Castel del Monte DOC wines have always been appreciated for their finesse and elegance.

Cava

Cava DO is the most famous Spanish denomination for the production of Classic Method sparkling wines. The area extends into the Pénedes region, in northeastern Spain, between Girona and Tarragona. The Cava DO specification provides for the use of the following white berried grapes: macabeo, xarel.lo, parellada, malvasía, chardonnay and red berried vines: garnacha tinta, monastrell, pinot noir and trepat. The minimum aging time on the lees is only 9 months, up to the 30 months of the Gran Riserva.

Cerasuolo d'Abruzzo

Cerasuolo di Vittoria

Cerasuolo di Vittoria is the only Sicilian wine that can boast the recognition of the DOCG. It is produced in south-eastern Sicily, in the area overlooking the Gulf of Gela, with the classic vines of the area: Nero d'Avola (50–70%) and frappato (30–50%). Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG is an elegant and refined red, Mediterranean and sunny, perfect in the table pairings with the local cuisine.

Chablis

The appellation Chablis AOC is part of the French wine region of Burgundy and represents its northernmost area, near the city of Auxerre. The climate is cold and continental, often at risk of spring frosts. The soils are mainly made up of limestone marl with the presence of areas rich in pebbles. The grape variety symbol of the Chablis AOC appellation is chardonnay , which in these particular and extreme climatic conditions, is expressed with a crystalline, essential, almost cutting profile. Chablis wines are famous for their refined elegance, made of freshness and minerality. They are long-lived wines, which over time tend to evolve towards softer and more complex bouquets. They are classified into four categories: Petit Chablis, Chablis, Chablis Premier Cru and Chablis Grand Cru.

Champagne

The appellation Champagne AOC is undoubtedly the best known and most famous in the world. The Champagne region is divided into various areas with different characteristics, which also guide the cultivation of vines: the Montagne de Reims area is famous for Pinot Noir, Côte des Blancs and Côte de Sézanne for Chardonnay, Vallée de the Marne for Pinot Meunier and the southernmost area of the Côte de Bar for Pinot Noir. In general, the soil of Champagne is characterized by calcareous-clayey marl with a strong presence of chalk. And it is precisely the deep plaster layer of the subsoil that constitutes the wealth of this territory. The Champagne region represents the extreme limit of the cultivation of the vine to the north and the white color of the chalk reflects the little heat of the sun transferring it to the plants. In addition, it also functions as a large water resource, which drains the surface of the vineyards by retaining water in depth for dry periods. The success of the wines of this region stems from the method of production of Champagne, the first wine to use the technique of refermentation in the bottle, which subsequently took the name of " méthode champenoise " or "classic method". Thanks to this procedure, still wines, to which a yeast and sugar syrup called " liquer de tirage " are added, undergo a second fermentation in the bottle which produces carbon dioxide and determines the formation of the precious bubbles. Once the aging period on the lees is over, which will be removed from the wine by dégorgement, the bottle is re-filled with a mixture called " liquer d'expédition ", containing old wines and a quantity of sugar that will determine the final dosage of the cuvée: pas dosé, extra brut, brut, extra dry, sec, demi sec, or doux. The exact composition of the blend, which contributes to giving the so-called goût maison , is a secret closely guarded by every producer. The allure of wines elaborated according to the method that is the basis of the success of Champagne, comes from an extraordinary terroir, from a tradition of centuries-old culture and from the art of assembling the three main vines used: Pinot Noir which gives structure, Chardonnay which gives finesse and elegance and Pinot Meunier which gives a fruity touch, allows to obtain wines of great charm and gustatory balance. The most traditional assembly of the Champagne of the great Maison often involves similar percentages of Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay, however there is no shortage of different assemblages, especially in the case of small producers, who have vineyards in one area. We can speak of "Blanc de Blancs", when a champagne is produced with only white grapes, of "Blanc de Noirs" if produced with only red berried grapes, of Rosé if there is a slight pause on the skins or the addition of a small percentage of red wine. The name Champagne is traditionally linked to the concepts of prestige, luxury, elegance, allure and charm. However today, also thanks to e-commerce, it is possible to grant yourself the privilege of tasting a good bottle of Champagne at absolutely affordable prices. In our selection you will find a wide assortment: from the most famous brands such as Moët & Chandon , Ruinart , Veuve Clicquot , Laurent-Perrier , Mumm , Billecart-Salmon , Bollinger , Charles Heidsieck , Taittinger to smaller producers such as Philipponnat or Bruno Paillard, up to cuvée de prestige "Cristal" by Louis Roederer , "Belle Époque" by Perrier-Jouët or the legendary " Dom Pérignon ". Discover the pleasure of buying a good bottle of Champagne online on VINO75, each label in our selection offers you the indication of the best combinations, so you can already choose at first glance the perfect Champagne for any occasion.

Champagne

The appellation Champagne AOC is undoubtedly the best known and most famous in the world. The Champagne region is divided into various areas with different characteristics, which also guide the cultivation of vines: the Montagne de Reims area is famous for Pinot Noir, Côte des Blancs and Côte de Sézanne for Chardonnay, Vallée de the Marne for Pinot Meunier and the southernmost area of the Côte de Bar for Pinot Noir. In general, the soil of Champagne is characterized by calcareous-clayey marl with a strong presence of chalk. And it is precisely the deep plaster layer of the subsoil that constitutes the wealth of this territory. The Champagne region represents the extreme limit of the cultivation of the vine to the north and the white color of the chalk reflects the little heat of the sun transferring it to the plants. In addition, it also functions as a large water resource, which drains the surface of the vineyards by retaining water in depth for dry periods. The success of the wines of this region stems from the method of production of Champagne, the first wine to use the technique of refermentation in the bottle, which subsequently took the name of " méthode champenoise " or "classic method". Thanks to this procedure, still wines, to which a yeast and sugar syrup called " liquer de tirage " are added, undergo a second fermentation in the bottle which produces carbon dioxide and determines the formation of the precious bubbles. Once the aging period on the lees is over, which will be removed from the wine by dégorgement, the bottle is re-filled with a mixture called " liquer d'expédition ", containing old wines and a quantity of sugar that will determine the final dosage of the cuvée: pas dosé, extra brut, brut, extra dry, sec, demi sec, or doux. The exact composition of the blend, which contributes to giving the so-called goût maison , is a secret closely guarded by every producer. The allure of wines elaborated according to the method that is the basis of the success of Champagne, comes from an extraordinary terroir, from a tradition of centuries-old culture and from the art of assembling the three main vines used: Pinot Noir which gives structure, Chardonnay which gives finesse and elegance and Pinot Meunier which gives a fruity touch, allows to obtain wines of great charm and gustatory balance. The most traditional assembly of the Champagne of the great Maison often involves similar percentages of Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay, however there is no shortage of different assemblages, especially in the case of small producers, who have vineyards in one area. We can speak of "Blanc de Blancs", when a champagne is produced with only white grapes, of "Blanc de Noirs" if produced with only red berried grapes, of Rosé if there is a slight pause on the skins or the addition of a small percentage of red wine. The name Champagne is traditionally linked to the concepts of prestige, luxury, elegance, allure and charm. However today, also thanks to e-commerce, it is possible to grant yourself the privilege of tasting a good bottle of Champagne at absolutely affordable prices. In our selection you will find a wide assortment: from the most famous brands such as Moët & Chandon , Ruinart , Veuve Clicquot , Laurent-Perrier , Mumm , Billecart-Salmon , Bollinger , Charles Heidsieck , Taittinger to smaller producers such as Philipponnat or Bruno Paillard, up to cuvée de prestige "Cristal" by Louis Roederer , "Belle Époque" by Perrier-Jouët or the legendary " Dom Pérignon ". Discover the pleasure of buying a good bottle of Champagne online on VINO75, each label in our selection offers you the indication of the best combinations, so you can already choose at first glance the perfect Champagne for any occasion.

Chassagne-Montrachet

Chianti

Chianti is the red wine designation product homonymous region, a true symbol of Tuscany and Italy wine in the world. From a geographical point of view, the boundaries enclosed within central Tuscany were determined through a provision issued in 1716 by Grand Duke Cosimo III de 'Medici. It is produced with a clear prevalence of Sangiovese grapes, at least 70%, according to the historical formula established by Baron Ricasoli in 1872. In 1924 however, a group of 33 wine producers gathered in the Sienese municipality of Radda, to give life to the Wine Consortium Chianti , established to defend the denomination. Inside it includes several sub-areas : the first and most important is the Chianti Classico sub-area, the nerve center of production and historical denomination contained in the territory between the provinces of Florence and Siena, which surrounds an internal area of Chianti up to include the key municipalities Castellina, Radda and Gaiole in Chianti; to which are added another 7 sub-areas, distributed along the Chianti hills: Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Colline Pisane, Montalbano, Montespertoli and Rùfina. Among the most representative producers we find Castello Romitorio, Castello di Verrazzano, Selvapiana, Tenuta Sette Ponti, Villa da Filicaja.

Chianti Classico

Chianti Classico DOCG is one of the most famous Italian wines in the world. It is produced in the hilly territory of a few municipalities in the provinces of Siena and Florence, which represent the historical and oldest area of Chianti viticulture. It comes from Sangiovese grapes, at least 80%, and from a possible balance of other red berried grapes authorized in the Tuscany region. It is a well-structured red with a beautiful tannic texture and balanced freshness. Perfect with local cuisine.

Chile

Châteauneuf-du-Pape

Cilento

Wines from a vast area that extends to several municipalities in the province of Salerno can boast the denomination Cilento DOC. The name derives from the Latin cis Alentum , that is "on this side of the Alento", which indicated one of the boundaries that delimited the historic Cilento territory, much less extensive than the current one. The first vines grown in the area dated back to ancient Greece, imported from the Peloponnese coasts. The wines with the Cilento DOC denomination can be both red and rosé, made from Aglianico, Piedirosso and / or Primitivo grapes and only the rosé from Sangiovese, but also white, produced from Fiano, Trebbiano Toscano, Greco and Malvasia grapes. Only the names of the Aglianico and Fiano vines can be reported on the label, as long as they are present for at least 85% of the total.

Cina

Cirò

The Cirò controlled denomination of origin wines are obtained in the municipalities of Cirò, Cirò Marina and in part of the territories of Melissa and Crucoli, in the northernmost area of the Crotone. They can be either white, with a percentage of Greco Bianco of at least 80%, or red or rosé, with at least 80% of Gaglioppo grapes to compose them. Superiore red mentions can also be added to red wines, if they have an alcohol content higher than that required by law, Classico if they come from the historical area of the denomination, which corresponds to the municipalities of Cirò and Cirò Marina. The area where Cirò Marina now stands, in particular, coincides with the ancient Greek colony of Cremissa, where the wine called Krimisa was produced, so appreciated as to be donated to the Olympic winning athletes. The Cirò Rosso Superiore and Cirò Classico Superiore red wine can be enriched with the mention Riserva if subjected to an aging of at least 2 years.

Civitella d'Agliano

Clos des Lambrays

Cognac

Colli Aprutini

The geographical area delimited by the denomination Colli Aprutini IGT includes a large part of the province of Teramo, a mainly hilly area that goes up to the slopes of the Gran Sasso, in the central-southern part, and of the Monti della Laga, in the northern one. The wines of the Aprutina area have historical value, praised for their quality since the time of the deeds of Hannibal and the victory of Canne, 216 BC. The vines listed on the label next to the denomination are present for at least 85%.

Colli Euganei

Colli Maceratesi

Colli Tortonesi

Colli Trevigiani

The production area of Colli Trevigiani IGT concerns the hilly area of the province of Treviso. The most cultivated white grape varieties are glera, pinot gris, sauvignon, Manzoni cross, while the most used red vines are raboso, merlot, cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, refosco. The wines of the Colli Trevigiani IGT are a traditional and typical expression of a territory of great winemaking traditions.

Colli del Limbara

Colli della Toscana Centrale

The denomination Colli della Toscana Centrale IGT extends over the hilly areas near the Apennines, in the provinces of Arezzo, Florence, Pistoia, Prato and Siena. The Colli della Toscana Centrale IGT red and rosé wines are produced with one or more of the following vines: Sangiovese, Ciliegiolo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Black Canaiolo, Syrah and Gamay. The whites are produced with one or more of the following grape varieties: Tuscan Trebbiano, Vernaccia di San Gimignano, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Malvasia del Chianti, Vermentino, Sauvignon and Riesling Rhine.

Colli di Conegliano

Colli di Luni

The Colli di Luni DOC denomination concerns the territory of the municipalities around the city of La Spezia and some municipalities in the province of Massa. The whites are mainly produced with vermentino, albarola and possibly with Tuscan trebbiano. The red Colli di Luni DOC is instead made with Sangiovese. They are very interesting wines, born in the first pre-Apennine hilly area, Mediterranean, fresh and savory.

Colli di Rimini

Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa

Colline Pescaresi

Colline Teatine

Collio

The Collio DOC denomination is one of the most prestigious in northern Italy and includes the hilly areas in the province of Gorizia. White wines are produced with: chardonnay, Istrian malvasia, pinot bianco, picolit, pinot grigio, sauvignon, friulano, and yellow ribolla; while the reds with: cabernet franc, cabernet sauvignon, merlot, pinot noir. Collio DOC wines are among the most famous and appreciated Italian white wines.

Columbia Valley

Conca del Riu Anoia

Contea di Sclafani

The denomination Contea di Sclafani DOC is found in the internal area of central western Sicily and includes the territories of numerous municipalities in the provinces of Palerno, Agrigento and Caltanissetta. The specification defines the regulations for the production of white, rosé and red wines. As for the whites Contea di Sclafani DOC the most used vines are inzolia, catarratto, grecanico and cricket; for rosés and reds, Nero d'Avola, perricone, nerello mascalese. For the Rosso Riserva type there is a minimum aging period of 2 years.

Contessa Entellina

The denomination Contessa Entellina DOC is found in the internal area of central western Sicily and includes only the small territory of the municipality of Contessa Entellina in the province of Palermo. The main white grape variety of the territory is inzolia accompanied by catarratto, grecanico, sauvignon, chardonnay, fiano and vionier. The Contessa Entellina DOC rosé and red wines are mainly produced with Nero d'Avola , syrah , cabernet sauvignon , pinot nero and merlot . For the Rosso Riserva type there is a minimum aging period of 2 years, of which at least 6 months in wooden containers.

Coonawarra

Cornas

Corton

Cortona

The Cortona DOC denomination includes the land suitable for viticulture which is located in the hilly area between Arezzo and Lake Trasimeno, in the municipal area of Cortona. Among the white vines, the most cultivated are the Tuscan Trebbiano, the Grechetto, the white Malvasia, the Chardonnay and the Sauvignon Blanc. While the red Cortona DOC is produced mainly with syrah and to follow merlot, cabernet sauvignon and sangiovese. Syrah Cortona DOC is particularly famous and of a good quality level. The specification also provides for the possibility of producing Vin Santo and Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice. The first must age at least 3 years and the second 5 years, before being put on the market.

Costa Toscana

Costa Toscana IGT encompasses a vast territory along the Tyrrhenian coast, which extends to many municipalities in the provinces of Massa Carrara, Lucca, Pisa, Livorno and Grosseto. Costa Toscana IGT was born from the need of many producers belonging to different areas to claim a common feature in the proximity of the production area with the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The indication Costa Toscana IGT obtained official recognition in 2010. They are wines with a Mediterranean profile, white, rosé, red, late harvest and passito, which express the excellence of a terroir of great value and rich in history.

Costa d'Amalfi

Crémant d'Alsazia

Crémant de Loire

Crémant di Bordeaux

Crémant di Borgogna

Custoza

Côte-Rôtie

Côtes de Bordeaux

The AOC Côtes de Bordeaux is one of the most important Appellations of the Region, it covers an area of over 10,000 hectares and has a production of 500,000 hectoliters of wine per year (97% red). The AOC Côtes de Bordeaux was established in 2007 and brings together the territories of Blaye, Cadillac, Castillon and Francs. The cultivated red vines are the classics of the Bordeaux area: mainly merlot, followed by cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc and malbec. Among the white berried varieties, sauvignon blanc and sémillon are grown.

Côtes de Provence

Côtes de Provence AOC is an important appellation from the south of France where white, red and famous rosé wines are produced. It extends over three departments: Var, Bouches du Rhône and Alpes Maritimes and represents in terms of quantity almost 75% of the wine produced throughout the Provence region. The traditional vines of southern France are mainly grown, such as: grenache noir, syrah, cinsault, carignan, clairette, sémillon. The wines of the Côtes de Provence AOC appellation generally express a Mediterranean, sunny and harmonious profile.

Côtes du Rhône

The appellation Côtes du Rhône AOC is a regional denomination, which includes all the wines produced in the vast territory of the Vallée du Rhône. The Côtes du Rhône AOC specification provides for the production of white, rosé and red wines. Most of the production comes from the southernmost area of the Appellation, with a Mediterranean climate, mitigated by the proximity of the sea. The most cultivated vines are the red berried ones, in particular: grenache, syrah, cinsault and carignan. They are pleasantly harmonious, warm and intense red wines. Whites, on the other hand, are produced with grenache blanc, roussanne, marsanne, bourboulenc, clairette and viogner. They are fresh wines, with a rich and harmonious bouquet, typically Mediterranean.

Delle Venezie

Delle Venezie IGT is a typical interregional geographical indication that covers the territories of the provinces of Trento (Trentino – Alto Adige), Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine (Friuli – Venezia Giulia), Belluno, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona and Vicenza (Veneto). The origin of the name Delle Venezie IGT derives from the expression historically used to indicate the three regions of the north-east: Tre Venezie. It is an area that can boast ancient traditions, dating back to the time of the ancient Romans, carried on under the dominion of the Serenissima Republic and then of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Generally they are wines of high quality level, which are born in very suitable terroirs. The vines used are the classic ones of the north-east area.

Dogliani

The Dogliani DOCG denomination extends over the territories of numerous municipalities located east of the city of Cuneo, towards the border with Liguria. The ampelographic base for the Dogliani DOCG also Superiore is defined in pure dolcetto. The Superior version must be subjected to a minimum aging period of 12 months. Dogliani DOCG represents one of the great excellences of Piedmontese reds. It is a full-bodied wine, with a beautiful tannic texture and balanced acidity. It expresses pleasant fruity bouquets and has an interesting flexibility in table pairings, both with first courses and with second courses of white or red meat.

Dolcetto d'Alba

Emilia

Emilia IGT wines are produced in the territories of the provinces of Ferrara, Modena, Parma, Piacenza, Reggio Emilia and in part of the province of Bologna. Emilia IGT regulates the production of white, red and rosé wines, mainly made with the following vines: alionza, ancellotta, cabernet sauvignon, chardonnay, fortana, lambrusco, malvasia di aromatic Candia, malbo gentile, white malvasia di Candia, merlot, montu ', pignoletto, sangiovese, sauvignon blanc and trebbiano. It is a vast area with ancient traditions, which in the hilly areas expresses interesting wines with a distinctly territorial profile.

Est! Est!! Est!!! di Montefiascone

Etna

The Etna DOC denomination has been experiencing a period of great fame for several years, also internationally. The Etna DOC area includes the territory of the Municipalities of Aci S. Antonio, Acireale, Belpasso, Biancavilla, Castiglione, Giarre, Linguaglossa, Mascali, Milo, Nicolosi, Paternò, Pedara, Piedimonte, Randazzo, S. Alfio, S. Maria Licodia, S. Venerina, Trecastagni, Viagrande and Zafferana. The mainly cultivated vines are the autochthonous ones of the territory: the Nerello Mascalese, the Nerello Cappello and the Carricante. The wines of the denomination are distinguished by great finesse and elegance and are to be counted among the best excellences of Sicily.

Falanghina del Sannio

Falerio

Faro

The Faro DOC denomination includes the territory of the municipality of Messina and represents a small excellence, which produces high quality wines. The ampelographic base is fixed by the specification in nerello mascalese (45/60%), nerello cap (5/10%), nocera (5/10%) and a possible balance of up to 15% of Nero d'Avola, gaglioppo , black or Sangiovese montonico. Faro DOC wine must undergo a mandatory aging period of at least one year before being put on the market. It is a complex and elegant red, with great tradition and personality.

Fiano di Avellino

Fiano di Avellino DOCG is one of the most ancient white wines of southern Italy. The production area is located in the territories surrounding the city of Avellino, a hilly and mountainous area with a cool climate, perfect for growing white berried grapes. The ampelographic base is defined in a minimum of 85% of Fiano, with a possible 15% of Greek and / or white foxtail and / or Tuscan Trebbiano. Fiano di Avellino DOCG is an elegant, intense and complex wine, with good structure and aromatic persistence. It is a white with a good propensity to aging with an evolution towards interesting tertiary notes.

Franciacorta

Franciacorta , the name of a large territory and the exceptional wine that is born there. In this area, located in the province of Brescia, between Monte Orfano and Lake Iseo, sparkling wines of the highest quality are produced, according to the dictates of the Classic Method. Bubbles with a fine and persistent perlage and wide and elegant aromas, which have achieved great fame and remarkable prestige all over the world. The history of winemaking in this area begins before the year 1000, when the territory of Lake Iseo was populated by numerous monastic convents, which occupied themselves with cultivating vineyards for purely ecclesiastical use. Exempted from the payment of duties to local authorities, their territories took the name of " curtes francae ", or courts freed from taxes, hence the name "Franciacorta". The territory enjoys optimal soil and climatic conditions, with sunny and dry soils, and a temperate climate thanks to the presence of Lake Iseo which mitigates the currents of cold air coming from Valcamonica. All this gives the wines freshness and extreme refinement. Initially established in the production of still white and red wines, thanks to Berlucchi's intuition, Franciacorta started on the sparkling wine route, becoming, in 1995, the first Italian DOCG dedicated to the production of sparkling wines obtained exclusively with refermentation in the bottle according to the so-called "Classic Method", the same used in the production of Champagne . In addition to the classic version, Franciacorta can be produced in the Satèn typology, the most typical of the area, Rosé , Millesimato , and Riserva, the highest quality tip of the entire production that stays on the lees for at least 5 years. The dosage, which varies according to the type, includes the Pas Dosé , Extra Brut , Brut , Extra Dry, Dry and Demi-Sec versions.

Frascati

Friuli

Friuli Colli Orientali

The denomination Friuli Colli Orientali DOC represents one of the most suitable Italian areas for the production of quality white wines. Friuli Colli Orientali DOC includes the territory of the municipalities of Attimis, Buttrio, the eastern part of Cividale, Corno di Rosazzo, Faedis, Manzano, Nimis, Povoletto, Premariacco, Prepotto, S. Giovanni al Natisone, S. Pietro al Natisone, Tarcento and Torreano in the province of Udine. It also includes the sub-areas of Cialla, Ribolla Gialla di Rosazzo, Pignolo di Rosazzo, Schioppettino di Prepotto and Refosco di Faedis. For the production of the famous whites of Collio , the most used varieties, in purity or in blend, are: malvasia, pinot bianco, pinot grigio, ribolla giallo, friulano, verduzzo, picolit, sauvignon blanc and chardonnay. The reds are mainly produced with refosco, schioppettino, pignolo, tazzelenghe, cabernet franc, cabernet sauvignon and merlot.

Friuli Grave

Friuli Grave DOC wines are produced in a large area of Friuli, in the province of Udine and Pordenone, basically characterized by alluvial soils, draining and rich in pebbles and stones, which have proven to be very suitable for the cultivation of vines and in particular for the red grape varieties. The red vines historically present and that have best adapted to the terroir are cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, merlot, carmenère and refosco. The white berried grapes are also cultivated with good results: pinot grigio, pinot bianco, verduzzo, friulano, chardonnay and sauvignon blanc.

Friuli Isonzo

Garda

Gattinara

Gavi

Gevrey-Chambertin

Gioia del Colle

Gioia del Colle DOC is one of the most important appellations of Puglia. It extends into the hinterland of Bari, in particular in the municipalities of Acquaviva delle Fonti, Adelfia, Casamassima, Cassano delle Murge, Castellana Grotte, Conversano, Gioia del Colle, Grumo Appula, Noci, Putignano, Rutigliano, Sammichele di Bari, Sannicandro di Bari , Santeramo in Colle, Turi and Altamura. It is an area characterized by limestone soils and a Mediterranean climate, mitigated by the breezes of the nearby Adriatic Sea. Among the red grape varieties, the most cultivated are the primitivo, the negroamaro, the montepulciano, the sangiovese and the black malvasia. The primitive grape proved to be particularly suitable for the terroir, and in Gioia del Colle it expresses itself with wines characterized by great finesse and elegance.

Grand Armagnac

Grappa Trentina

Grappa Trentina DOC

Grappa Trentina Invecchiata

Graves

Greco di Tufo

The Greco di Tufo DOCG is one of the great whites of southern Italy, produced with an ancient grape variety grown in Campania since the time of the Hellenic colonization. The denomination includes the territory of the municipalities of Altavilla Irpina, Chianche, Montefusco, Petruro Irpino, Prata di Principato Ultra, Santa Paolina, Torrioni and Tufo in the province of Avellino. The ampelographic base is defined in a minimum of 85% of Greek and a possible maximum of 15% of white foxtail. Greco di Tufo DOCG is a structured white wine, with complex and deep aromas and great freshness, which makes it also suitable for sparkling wine with the Classic Method.

Grignolino d'Asti

Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese

Gutturnio

Haut-Médoc

Irpinia

The Irpinia DOC denomination includes all areas suitable for the cultivation of vines in the administrative territory of the province of Avellino. The specification provides for the production of white wines mainly with vines: Greek, Fiano, foxtail, Falanghina and red wines, with the vines: Aglianico and Sciascinoso. Thanks to the hilly and mountainous soils, to the cool climate with considerable temperature variations, to the poor soils particularly suitable for the cultivation of the vine, Irpinia DOC wines are appreciated for their aromatic intensity and strong territorial connotation, which makes them true excellence of the Southern winemaking.

Ischia

Isola dei Nuraghi

The production area of the Isola dei Nuraghi IGT includes the whole territory of the Sardinia region. The Isola dei Nuraghi IGT wines regulation provides for the production of white, rosé and red wines, with grapes of one or more vines, suitable for cultivation in the Sardinia Region. The mainly used vines are the autochthonous Sardinian ones, both white and red ones: vermentino, nuragus, nasco, cannonau, carignano, monica and cagnulari. They are wines of great personality, typical, Mediterranean and with a strong territorial connotation.

Isola dei Nuraghi

The production area of the Isola dei Nuraghi IGT includes the whole territory of the Sardinia region. The Isola dei Nuraghi IGT wines regulation provides for the production of white, rosé and red wines, with grapes of one or more vines, suitable for cultivation in the Sardinia Region. The mainly used vines are the autochthonous Sardinian ones, both white and red ones: vermentino, nuragus, nasco, cannonau, carignano, monica and cagnulari. They are wines of great personality, typical, Mediterranean and with a strong territorial connotation.

Isole Cicladi

Lacrima di Morro d'Alba

Lacrima di Morro d’Alba

Lacryma Christi del Vesuvio

Lago di Caldaro

Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro

Lambrusco di Modena

Lambrusco di Sorbara

Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC is one of the best regional excellences of Emilia Romagna. It is produced in the territories of the municipalities of Bastiglia, Bomporto, Nonantola, Ravarino, San Prospero and part of the territory of the municipalities of Campogalliano, Camposanto, Carpi, Castelfranco Emilia, Modena, San Cesario sul Panaro, Soliera, in the province of Modena. For the production of Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC , the specification provides for an ampelographic base with a minimum of 60% of Sorbara lambrusco and a maximum of 40% of Salamino lambrusco. The grapes of other Lambrusco grapes can contribute, alone or together, for a maximum of 15%. It is the classic wine of the local tradition, fresh, fruity with pleasant and lively acidity. It goes perfectly with the typical dishes of the Emilian cuisine.

Langhe

The Langhe, "land of wines, perfumes ... and novels" is masterfully described by the pen of the writer Beppe Fenoglio. It is a historical region of Piedmont comprising a vast territory of extraordinary beauty delimited by the rivers Tanaro, Belbo, Bormida di Millesimo and Bormida di Spigno, consisting of a succession of vineyards, hills, woods and a stone's throw from small ancient villages, which extends in many municipalities in the province of Cuneo and Asti. The Wine Landscapes offered by the hills of Langhe-Roero became together with those of Monferrato Unesco Heritage in 2014. It is impossible to visit the Langhe without stopping to admire and mere medieval architecture that dot the area like the historic center of Alba or the Grinzane Cavour Castle, one of the most fascinating in the whole of Italy. The name derives from the local language, indicating the plural of a low and long hill . The Langhe territory can be broken down into: Lower Langa , so called not for altitude reasons, despite never exceeding 500 meters. It is the typical area of Albese raw meat and typical Piedmontese dishes based on butter and sage, wines and white truffles, for which every year a specially dedicated fair is organized Alta Langa , an area bordering Liguria. known for the woods and the hazelnut cake produced with the precious variety "tonda gentile delle Langhe" Within its borders are some of the most famous DOCG wines in Italy, including Barolo, Barbaresco, Asti and Dogliani. Wines that do not comply with such stringent production criteria are accepted in the Langhe DOC where greater experimentation of varieties and winemaking techniques is granted. An emblematic case is that of the Langhe Chardonnay and other high quality wines, many of which can be compared to the prestigious Tuscan Super Tuscan. The specification includes different types: white, red, rosé, white and passito red. It is also possible to indicate the grape variety on the label for the varieties: arneis, chardonnay, favorita, riesling, nascetta, rossese bianco, sauvignon, nebbiolo, dolcetto, freisa, cabernet sauvignon, pinot nero, merlot, provided that the minimum percentage of the grape variety used for the production of this wine is at least 85%.

Lazio

Lazio IGT is a Typical Geographical Indication reserved for white, red and rosé wines of various types, produced throughout the Lazio region. The Lazio region boasts ancient traditions in the field of vine cultivation, which date back to the times of the ancient Romans. The territory with beautiful hilly exposures, the mild climate and suitable soils, often of ancient volcanic origin, constitute an ideal habitat for the vine. For the production of Lazio IGT wines, the main autochthonous vines of the region are mainly used: malvasia puntinata, malvasia del Lazio, bellone, trebbiano giallo, trebbiano toscano, bombino bianco, cesanese comune, cesanese d'Affile, black nero and moscato di Terracina .

Lessini Durello

Liguria di Levante

Liguria di Levante IGT is one of the most important Typical Geographical Indications in Liguria and includes all the land suitable for the cultivation of vines, which are found throughout the territory of the province of La Spezia. As for white wines, the following varieties are mainly used: long malvasia and Tuscan trebbiano. The red and rosé Liguria di Levante IGT wines, on the other hand, are mainly produced with canaiolo, cherry tomato, merlot, black pollera, sangiovese and syrah. Levante Ligure is an area of great traditions in the field of viticulture, both in the Luni area, towards the Tuscan border and Lunigiana, and on the Cinque Terre coast, where the cultivation of vines is often characterized by panoramic terraced overhanging vineyards on the sea. They are sunny and Mediterranean wines, which well express the particularities of the territory.

Limone Costa d'Amalfi

Limone di Sorrento

Lison Pramaggiore

The denomination Lison Pramaggiore DOC , includes the territories of many municipalities in the province of Treviso, Venice and Pordenone. As for white wines, the Lison Pramaggiore DOC specification requires the use of a minimum of tai from 50 to 70%, with a possible balance up to a maximum of 50% of white berried grapes provided for by the specification. White wines, if produced with at least 85% of the following grapes: chardonnay, pinot grigio, sauvignon, verduzzo, can bear the name of the grape on the label. For red wines, the specification defines the ampelographic base in merlot from 50 to 70%, with a possible balance of up to 50% with red berried grapes provided for by the specification. Red wines if produced with at least 85% of the following grapes: merlot, cabernet (franc and / or sauvignon), carmenère, malbec, refosco dal peduncolo rosso, can bear the name of the grape on the label. It is a very interesting denomination, which produces wines with an excellent quality / price ratio.

Listrac-Médoc

Livermore Valley

Lugana

Lugana DOC is an interregional denomination, which extends in the territories south of Lake Garda, in particular in the municipalities of Desenzano, Lonato, Pozzolengo and Sirmione in the province of Brescia and Peschiera del Garda in the province of Verona. The Lugana DOC wine is produced with the Turbiana or Trebbiano di Lugana grape variety, genetically very similar to Verdicchio and Trebbiano di Soave. Thanks to the climate mitigated by the presence of Lake Garda and the clay-rich soils, Lugana wines are harmonious and full-bodied, fresh and mineral white wines. They are wines with good aging potential, which express the best after a few years of bottle aging.

Luján de Cuyo

Malvasia delle Lipari

Manzanilla

Marca Trevigiana

Marche

Marche IGT is a Typical Geographical Indication that covers many types of wines: white, red, rosé, sparkling and raisin wines. Marche IGT wines are produced in the provinces of Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Fermo, Macerata and Pesaro Urbino. The most used vines are alicante, barbera, cabernet franc, cabernet sauvignon, chardonnay, cherry tree, fiano, gaglioppo, grechetto, crossing Bruni 54, malvasia bianca di Candia, merlot, white muscat, passerina, pinot bianco, pinot grigio, pinot nero, rebo, riesling, sangiovese, sauvignon blanc, syrah and Tuscan trebbiano. The territory of the Typical Geographical Indication Marche includes a hilly area very suitable, with climatic conditions and soils ideal for the cultivation of the vine, which has very ancient origins here. Marche IGT wines represent one of the best excellences of central Italy.

Maremma Toscana

The Maremma Toscana DOC denomination includes the territory of the province of Grosseto, in the southern part of Tuscany. The specification provides for the production of white, rosé and red wines. The most used white vines to produce Maremma Toscana DOC wines are: ansonica, trebbiano toscano, vermentino, chardonnay and viogner, while as regards the most common red vines, we remember: the alicante, the cabernet sauvignon, the cabernet franc, canaiolo, Ciliegiolo, Merlot, Sangiovese and Syrah. The Maremma is a region very suitable for viticulture, thanks to the beautiful hilly exposures, the hot and dry climate, mitigated by the proximity of the sea. It is a very interesting area, which expresses wines of excellent level, with a characteristic solar and Mediterranean profile.

Margaux

Margaux AOC is one of Bordeaux's most famous and prestigious appellations. It is the only municipal appellation of Haut-Medoc to bear the name of a Premier Grand Cru Classé: Château Margaux. Margaux AOC comprises the municipalities of Arsac, Cantenac, Labarde, Margaux and Soussans and covers around 1,400 hectares. In its territory there are some of the most suitable areas of all the Graves. The wines are classic Bordeaux cuts, produced with various percentages of cabernet sauvignon, merlot, cabernet franc and petit verdot. They are among the best Bordeaux excellences and are particularly renowned for their elegance, harmony and expressive richness, supported by a delicate and silky tannic texture. They are refined wines of great finesse, recognized internationally among the most important reds in the world. Although already pleasant after a few years from the date of the harvest, they have great potential for evolution and aging.

Marlborough

Marmilla

Marmilla IGT is a Typical Geographical Indication of Sardinia. The legislation defines the Marmilla IGT production area in the territories of the municipalities of Collinas, Furtei, Pabillonis, Samassi, Sanluri, Sardara, Serrenti, Villamar, Villanovaforru, in the province of Medio Campidano, and the municipalities of Baressa, Gonnoscodina, Gonnostramatza, Masullas, Mogoro, Morgongiori, Pompu, Simala, Siris, in the province of Oristano. The Typical Geographic Indication Marmilla IGT allows the production of white, rosé and red wines with the vines authorized by the Sardinia Region with the exception of cannonau, carignano, girò, malvasia, monica, moscato, nasco, nuragus, semidano, vermentino and vernaccia. It is an area of ancient traditions, which even date back to the Nuragic age and the subsequent periods of the domination of the Phoenicians and the Carthaginians. The Mediterranean climate, hot and dry, which can enjoy the influence of the sea breezes and the precious soils, are ideal conditions for quality viticulture.

Marsala

The Marsala DOC denomination extends in the western part of Sicily, in the province of Trapani, with the exception of the municipalities of Alcamo, Favignana and Pantelleria. Marsala DOC can be produced in the following versions: fine, superior, superior reserve, virgin or soleras, virgin reserve or soleras reserve, extra virgin or extra virgin soleras. Marsala Oro e Ambra must be produced with cricket and / or catarratto and / or inzolia and / or damaschino. Marsala Rubino is produced with Nero d'Avola and / or perricone and / or Nerello mascalese, with a possible 30% of the same grapes used for white Marsala . Marsala DOC is a fortified wine of ancient traditions, a true excellence of Italian enology.

Martinique

Mendoza

The Argentine region of Mendoza is one of the most famous areas of South America for the production of red wines, in particular with the French grape variety of Bordeaux origin Malbec. While in Bordeaux malbec has been replaced by cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc and merlot, in Mendoza it has found its land of choice, giving wines of strong character and personality. In the best versions, it expresses a bouquet with aromas of plum, red fruit jam, cherry in alcohol and woody notes. It is a wine with good body and structure, with important tannic texture and beautiful persistence. Perfect to combine with grilled red meats.

Menfi

Meursault

Mitterberg

Molise

Molise DOC is a regional denomination which governs the production of white and red wines. As for the reds, the disciplinary Molise DOC provides for the use of a minimum of 85% of Montepulciano, with a possible balance of a maximum of 15% of other red berried grapes authorized in the provinces of Campobasso and Isernia. If at least 85% of one of the following vines is used: Aglianico, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sangiovese and tintilia, it is possible to indicate it on the label. For the Riserva version, the wines must undergo a minimum aging period of 2 years, of which at least 6 months in wood.

Monbazillac

Monferrato

Monica di Sardegna

Monica di Sardegna DOC is a regional denomination that embraces practically the whole territory of Sardinia. The ampelographic base of the Monica di Sardegna DOC wine is set by the specification in a minimum of 85% of Monica. Other non-aromatic red grape varieties, suitable for cultivation in the Sardinia region, may possibly contribute for a maximum of 15%. Monica di Sardegna Superiore wine cannot be released for consumption before 1 September of the year following the harvest.

Montecarlo

Montecucco

Montefalco

Montefalco DOC is a denomination that includes the entire territory of the Municipality of Montefalco and part of the territory of the Municipalities of Bevagna, Castel Ritaldi, Giano dell'Umbria and Gualdo Cattaneo in the province of Perugia. The specification provides for the production of both white and red wines. As far as Montefalco Rosso DOC is concerned, the legislation provides for a minimum of 60/70% of Sangiovese, 10/15% of Sagrantino and for the remaining part other non-aromatic red berried vines authorized in the province of Perugia. The Montefalco Rosso DOC wine must age at least 18 months and the Riserva version at least 30 months, of which 12 in wood.

Montello e Colli Asolani

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo

Montepulciano d'Abruzzo

Monteregio di Massa Marittima

Monteregio di Massa Marittima DOC is a denomination of southern Tuscany, which includes the territories of Massa Marittima, Monterotondo Marittimo and part of the municipalities of Castiglione della Pescaia, Follonica, Gavorrano, Roccastrada and Scarlino in the province of Grosseto. The specification provides for the production of white, rosé and red wines. In particular, the red wines of Monteregio di Massa Marittima DOC are produced with a minimum of 50% of Sangiovese and another 50% of red berried grapes authorized in Tuscany, with the exclusion of aleatico. It is possible to indicate on the label the indication Sangiovese, Syrah, if the wine is produced with at least 85% of the grapes, with a possible balance of up to 15% of other red berried grapes authorized in Tuscany, with the exclusion of the 'aleatic. For the Monteregio di Massa Marittima DOC Riserva version there is a mandatory aging period of at least 2 years, of which at least 6 months in wood and 3 months of aging in bottle. It is a wine that perfectly reflects the territory, solar and Mediterranean of the Tuscan Maremma.

Monterey

Montescudaio

The Montescudaio DOC denomination includes the territories of the municipalities of Casale Marittimo, Castellina Marittima, Guardistallo, Montecatini Val di Cecina, Montescudaio, Riparbella and Santa Luce, in the province of Pisa. The rules allow the production of white, rosé and red wines. The red wines of Montescudaio DOC are produced with a minimum of 50% Sangiovese and another 50% of non aromatic red berried grapes authorized in Tuscany. It is possible to indicate on the label the indication Sangiovese, Cabernet, Merlot, if the wine is produced with at least 85% of the grapes, with a possible balance of up to 15% of other non-aromatic red berried grapes authorized in Tuscany. The wines of the Montescudaio DOC denomination confirm the great vocation of the terroir of the Tuscan coast to produce fine red wines, as well as with the Sangiovese, also with the most noble Bordeaux red vines.

Montilla-Moriles

Morellino di Scansano

The Morellino di Scansano DOCG denomination is the best known and most prestigious in southern Tuscany. It includes the territories of the municipality of Scansano and part of the municipal territories of Campagnatico, Grosseto, Magliano in Toscana, Manciano, Roccalbegna and Semproniano in the province of Grosseto. The ampelographic base provides for a minimum of 85% of Sangiovese, with a possible maximum balance of 15% of other authorized grapes in the Tuscany region. For the Riserva version there is an aging period of at least 2 years, one of which in wood. Morellino di Scansano DOCG represents a characteristic expression of the solar and Mediterranean Sangiovese of the Maremma.

Morey-Saint-Denis

Moscadello di Montalcino

Moscato d'Asti

Moscato di Pantelleria

Moscato di Sardegna

Mosella

Muscadet Sèvre-et-Maine

Médoc

Napa Valley

Nebbiolo d'Alba

Neuquén

Nizza

Nobile di Montepulciano

Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG is a historical denomination of Tuscany that includes the territory of the only municipality of Montepulciano in the province of Siena. The ampelographic base is set in a minimum of 70% of prugnolo gentile, a local biotype of Sangiovese, up to 30% of other authorized vines in the Tuscany region can compete, with a maximum of 5% of white berried grapes. The Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG wine must undergo a minimum aging period of 2 years and an aging of 6 months in bottle. For the Riserva version there is a minimum aging period of 3 years and 6 months of bottle aging. It is a great red wine, a true excellence of the Classic area of Tuscany.

Noto

The production area of Noto DOC wines includes the territory of the municipalities of Avola, Noto, Pachino and Rosolini in the province of Syracuse. It is an area historically suited for the production of red wines, in particular with the Nero d'Avola grape variety. There is also a small production of Moscato di Noto, sweet and fortified sparkling wine. As for the Noto DOC red, the specification provides for a minimum of 85% Nero d'Avola, with the possible addition of other non-aromatic vines, authorized by the Sicily region for a maximum of 15%. The red wines of Noto are distinguished by power, concentration and elegance. They represent one of the best excellences of the Sicilian region.

Nuits Saint Georges

The appellation Nuits Saint-Georges AOC is located in the Côte de Nuits in Burgundy. It covers an area of about 310 hectares, which includes 41 climats classified as Premier Cru. The vineyards of Nuits Saint-Georges AOC are cultivated on precious soils, mainly composed of limestone marl, particularly suited for the cultivation of pinot noir and chardonnay. The reds of the appellation Nuits Saint-Georges AOC are aromatic intense pinot noir , with great balance and structure, which with aging reach persuasive and harmonious notes.

Offida

Olevano Romano

Oltrepò Pavese

Orvieto

Paarl

Paestum

The denomination Paestum IGT includes the territories of numerous municipalities in the province of Salerno. It is an area of Campania colonized by the Greeks since 600 BC, where the cultivation of the vine has very ancient origins. The warm and dry climate, typically Mediterranean, mitigated by the sea breezes, offers a perfect habitat for quality viticulture. In recent decades Paestum IGT wines have reached levels of absolute excellence. The most cultivated vines are the indigenous ones of the territory: Aglianico, foxtail, Fiano, Greco, white muscat, piedirosso, primitivo, sciascinoso, but there are also international varieties such as cabernet sauvignon and merlot. They are wines with a strong personality with an intense, warm and Mediterranean character.

Passito di Noto

Passito di Pantelleria

Patagonia

Pauillac

The Pauillac AOC appellation is located in the famous Médoc region, near Bordeaux, to be precise on the left bank of the Gironde. Thanks to the extraordinary soil and climatic conditions of its terroir, Pauillac AOC can boast of hosting three of the five Premier Grand Cru classé de 1855: Lafite Rothschild, Latour and Mouton Rothschild. 85% of the wine production of the Pauillac AOC appellation comes from vineyards cultivated in 18 Cru Classé. The most common grape varieties are cabernet-sauvignon, which in this area is expressed on absolute levels, merlot and to a lesser extent petit verdot and malbec. Pauillac wines are rich, wide, complex and elegant with an aging potential of around 20/25 years. They are among the most famous and appreciated red wines in the world.

Pessac-Léognan

Pfalz

Piave

Piemonte

Piemonte DOC is a regional denomination with a wide specification, which provides for the production of many types of wine: red, sparkling red, white, sparkling white, rosé, sparkling rosé and sparkling wine. The vines most used for the production of Piedmont DOC wines are: cabernet sauvignon, merlot, pinot nero, syrah, sauvignon blanc, chardonnay, pinot bianco, pinot grigio, cortese, albarossa, barbera, dolcetto, grignolino, bonarda, freisa, moscato e brachetto. It is a general denomination with a high quality level, confirming the great vocation of the Piedmont area for the production of wines, especially red ones.

Pignoletto

Pignoletto di Modena

Pomerol

The Pomerol AOC appellation is located in Bordeaux, in the Libournais area, on the right bank of the Gironde. It is famous for its great reds, in particular products with merlot: among all we remember the famous Petrus, one of the rarest and most expensive wines in the world. Although not included in the 1855 Grand Cru Classes, the reputation of the Pomerol AOC appellation is extraordinary. The vineyards cover a total area of about 770 hectares, cultivated almost exclusively in Merlot. The wines are elegant, large, complex with subtle tannins. With aging they reach peaks of great finesse and harmony.

Pomino

Porto

Pouilly-Fuissé

Pouilly-Fumé

Primitivo di Manduria

The denomination Primitivo di Manduria DOC is one of the most important and famous in Puglia. The production area includes several municipalities in the province of Brindisi and Taranto. The ampelographic base, also for the Riserva version, is set by the specification in a minimum of 85% of primitive, with a possible balance of a maximum of 15% of other non-aromatic black berried grapes authorized in the provinces of Brindisi and Taranto. The Riserva version must be subjected to an aging period of two years. The wines of the Primitivo di Manduria DOC denomination are powerful, warm, complex and enveloping reds.

Prosecco

Prosecco DOC is one of the excellence of our wine heritage. It is one of the most successful wines, both in Italy and abroad. The production area is very large, practically extending from Vicenza to Friuli Venezia Giulia. The ampelographic base is defined in a minimum of 85% glera, with a possible balance of 15% of verdiso and / or bianchetta from Treviso and / or perera and / or long glera and / or chardonnay and / or pinot bianco and / or pinot gray and / or pinot noir (vinified in white). It is a sparkling wine produced with the Charmat method, which provides foaming and re-fermentation in an autoclave. A process that especially enhances the floral and fruity aromas that characterize the classic prosecco bouquet.

Prosecco

Prosecco DOC is one of the excellence of our wine heritage. It is one of the most successful wines, both in Italy and abroad. The production area is very large, practically extending from Vicenza to Friuli Venezia Giulia. The ampelographic base is defined in a minimum of 85% glera, with a possible balance of 15% of verdiso and / or bianchetta from Treviso and / or perera and / or long glera and / or chardonnay and / or pinot bianco and / or pinot gray and / or pinot noir (vinified in white). It is a sparkling wine produced with the Charmat method, which provides foaming and re-fermentation in an autoclave. A process that especially enhances the floral and fruity aromas that characterize the classic prosecco bouquet.

Prosecco Superiore di Conegliano Valdobbiadene

Prosecco is the most famous Italian sparkling wine, among the promoters of Made in Italy in the world, which has come to compete and surpass the number of bottles sold by no less than champagne. Although it only came back to the forefront from 2005, there are traces of the first prosecco as early as 1382, in Trieste, in Friuli Venezia Giulia, particularly appreciated by the Habsburg House which had 100 amphorae delivered every year. Over the centuries its production has concentrated on the Trieste Karst and the Friuli Collio but was then abandoned to develop more on the Treviso hills, in Veneto, especially on the Asolani Hills and on the hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene, which still offer prosecco best. The extraordinary success achieved by this sparkling wine after the Second World War led to a race for its mass imitation. Characterizing element was the vine with which the sparkling wine was produced, Prosecco in fact, a name easily attributable to any wine obtained from this grape variety. Thus the product was associated with the homonymous city of Trieste and restored the ancient name of the grape variety, namely the Glera to differentiate it absolutely. The imitation almost completely ceased to exist after the Prosecco DOC was established in 1969 in order to certify the origin of these sparkling wines from specific areas of north-eastern Italy, or in the provinces of Veneto, excluding Rovigo and Verona, and in all the provinces of Friuli. Prosecco generally consists of 100% Glera grapes, particularly suitable for the pivotal method for its realization, that is, the Martinotti-Charmat method, in which, unlike the Classic Method, the second fermentation takes place by re-fermentation in an autoclave. By law, however, the dominant variety can be accompanied by Verdiso, Bianchetta Trevigiana, Perera, Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio and Pinot Nero grapes vinified in white, as the production specification does not provide for the production of a pink prosecco. Since 2009, the production area with the greatest vocation in the area, Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene, can boast the DOCG, with the possibility of adding the Superiore mention. This owes its name to the two capitals of the denomination: Conegliano, the cultural capital where the first Oenological School of Italy is located, and Valdobbiadene, the productive heart of this territory characterized by an extraordinary vocation and beauty. Over the years, prosecco di Cartizze has emerged among the various types, produced in an area of 107 hectares in the homonymous area with the characteristic pentagon shape, included within a fraction of the municipality of Valdobbiadene, among the steepest hills of San Pietro di Barbozza, Santo Stefano and Saccol. But the Prosecco di Asolo , also DOCG, and the so-called Rive, a term that indicates the slopes of the steep and suitable hills that characterize the territory, have also had a rapid spread, in order to highlight particular expressions of the Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene. Each of these sparkling wines is made from grapes from a single municipality or fraction of it: this is the case of Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene Rive di Refrontolo or Rive di Santo Stefano. The canonical versions Brut, Extra Dry, Dry are distinguished on the basis of the level of sugars present in its dosage, although the Demi-Sec and Pas Dosé dosages are also taking hold recently. The DOC Prosecco also includes minor types of prosecco, i.e. the Frizzante and the Tranquillo version, such as that of the Collalto winery, very little known, almost niche. Without prejudice to the natural micro-climatic, soil and exposure differences found in the various areas of the appellation, the profile of the sparkling wine in question can be outlined, such as that of a straw-colored bubble with bright reflections, which on the nose gives off a complexity of aromas which frequently return to white-fleshed fruit, apple and pear above all, citrus fruits and touches of rose, with a delicate almond aftertaste. On the palate it is harmonious and elegant, very soft, supported by a pleasantly fine perlage. The moderate alcohol content makes Prosecco an excellent aperitif but also a perfect companion for appetizers, second courses based on fish, as well as protagonist of delicious cocktails such as Bellini, Rossini and Hugo Cocktail. Among the most famous producers of this denomination we find: Adami, Andreola , Astoria , Bisol, Bortolomiol , Carpenè Malvolti, Foss Marai , Mionetto , Nino Franco and Zardetto.

Prosecco di Asolo

The denomination Colli Asolani Prosecco or Asolo Prosecco DOCG is reserved for the production area which extends for 19 municipalities around Asolo. Obtained mainly from grapes of the Glera variety, it is characterized by a scent of citrus fruits, ripe apple and white flowers, an agile and elegant body, in a perfect balance between freshness and flavor that makes you want to drink it. It is the only denomination of Prosecco to be able to indicate the Extra Brut type, the only one capable of properly highlighting the characteristics of this particular area, arranged on high hills and affected by strong temperature ranges and good ventilation.

Provincia di Pavia

Puente Alto

The Chilean denomination Puente Alto DO is located in the southeast area of the capital Santiago de Chile, in the wine-growing region of Maipo, which takes its name from the homonymous river that flows through it. Puente Alto DO is one of the most suitable areas in Chile for quality viticulture. Above all international vines are grown: cabernet sauvignon, merlot, carménère, syrah, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, sauvignonasse.

Puglia

The Puglia IGT specification allows the production of a wide range of wines: white, rosé, red, sparkling, sparkling, young and passito. The production area extends over the territories of the provinces of Bari, BAT (Barletta - Andria - Trani), Brindisi, Foggia, Lecce, Taranto. Puglia is part of one of the oldest areas of domestication of the vine, which most likely dates back to an era prior to Greek colonization. For some decades Puglia has left behind a past of quantity production, to embark on a path in the sign of quality, reaching levels of excellence, especially in the field of reds and rosés. The vines most used for the production of Puglia IGT wines are: white from Alessandria, white bombino, black bombino, impigno, black malvasia, wild muscatel, negramaro, notardomenico, pampanuto, primitivo, susumaniello, Trojan grapes and verdeca.

Puisseguin Saint-Émilion

Puligny-Montrachet

Recioto della Valpolicella

Recioto di Soave

Reggiano

Rheingau

Rioja

The Rioja DO denomination is found in the northern region of Spain, in a depression between two mountain ranges. The vineyard area covers an area about 40 km wide and 100 km long divided into three parts: Rioja Alavesa, Rioja Alta and Rioja Baja. Rioja DO is one of the most famous areas in Spain especially for the production of great red wines for aging with tempranillo grapes. The vines are also cultivated: garnacha, mazuelo, graciano, viura, malvasia and garnacha blanca.

Riviera Ligure di Ponente

Riviera del Garda Classico

Roero

The Roero DOCG denomination includes the territory of a series of municipalities in the province of Cuneo. In addition to white wines, produced with the arneis grape variety, Roero DOCG is famous above all for its great red wines. The specification requires, also for the Riserva version, a minimum use of 95% nebbiolo, with a possible 5% of grapes coming from non aromatic red berried vines, authorized in the Piedmont Region. They are wines of great tradition and high quality, which compared to the Barolo and Barbaresco Nebbioli, are appreciated for their lower tannins and easier and ready to drink.

Roma

Romagna

Romanée-St. Vivant

Ron Dominicano

Ron de Guatemala

Ron de Venezuela

Rosazzo

Rosso Piceno

Rosso Veronese

Rosso di Montalcino

Rosso di Montalcino DOC is the fallout denomination of the famous DOCG Brunello di Montalcino. The production area is limited to the territory of the municipality of Montalcino only. The wine is produced with a particularly valuable sangiovese biotype, called sangiovese grosso or brunello. The wines of the Rosso di Montalcino DOC denomination are therefore born in the same territory and with the same grapes as the famous Brunello di Montalcino, but differ from the older brother for a lesser structure, which makes them appreciated from a young age for their fragrant and fruity freshness .

Rosso di Montepulciano

Rubicone

Rubicone Rosso

Ruchè di Castagnole Monferrato

Russian River Valley

Sagrantino di Montefalco

Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG is a small denomination that includes the vocated lands of the municipality of Montefalco and part of the territory of the municipalities of Bevagna, Castel Ritaldi, Giano dell'Umbria and Gualdo Cattaneo in the province of Perugia. The ampelographic base is set in pure sagrantino, the native red grape variety of the territory. Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG must undergo an aging period of at least 33 months, of which at least 12 months in oak barrels. It can be released for consumption only after a further refinement period in the bottle of at least 4 months. It is a red wine with great structure, powerful, with an important tannic texture and good aromatic complexity.

Saint-Estèphe

Saint-Julien

Saint-Émilion

Salento

The Typical Geographical Indication Salento can be used for the production of white, rosé and red wines. Salento is one of the most interesting and suitable areas of southern Italy for viticulture. The Mediterranean climate, hot and windy, mitigated by the sea breezes and soils of calcareous-clayey matrix, have proved ideal especially for the cultivation of red berry vines. Salento IGT wines must be produced with grapes of vines suitable for cultivation in the provinces of Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto and registered in the national register of vine varieties for wine grapes. The specification also provides for the possibility of indicating the name of the grape on the label, if the wine is made with at least 85% of the grapes mentioned. The most cultivated vines are: negroamaro, aleatico, white d'Alessano, white impigno, black malvasia of Lecce, black malvasia of Brindisi, wild muscatello, primitivo, susumaniello.

Salice Salentino

The production area of Salice Salentino DOC includes the municipal area of Cellino San Marco in the province of Brindisi and the territory of the municipalities of Guagnano, Salice Salentino, Veglie and in part the municipal area of Campi Salentina in the province of Lecce. The denomination foresees the production of white, rosé and red wines. As for the ampelographic base, the specification provides for whites, including sparkling wines, a minimum of 70% of chardonnay, with a possible balance of up to 30% of other white non-aromatic grapes, authorized in the provinces of Brindisi and Lecce. With mention of white grape variety: Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay (minimum 85%). For rosés and reds, the specification provides for a minimum of 75% negroamaro, with a possible balance of up to 25% of other red berried grapes authorized in Puglia in the Salento-Arco Ionico area. With mention of aleatico red grape (85%), negroamaro (90%). The Salice Salentino DOC denomination is famous above all for its intense, rich, deep and persistent red wines.

Salina

Salta

San Juan

Sancerre

Sancerre AOC is one of the most famous appellations in the Loire Valley. The territory extends over the hilly area on the right bank of the river, facing Poully-Fumé. A splendid hilly area with rather steep slopes, which covers a total of about 2800 hectares. The soils are made up of precious white soils, characterized by the presence of calcareous marl from cailloutes and Graviottes. The cool and breezy climate, but always mitigated by the presence of the Loire, is perfect for quality viticulture. The most cultivated grape variety is Sauvignon Blanc , but there are also some Pinot Noir vineyards destined for the production of red and rosé wines. The wines of the Sancerre AOC appellation are also expressions of the terroir and bring the differences of the soils of the various areas into the glass. Those coming from vineyards cultivated on white lands, when young, have rich aromas, which are refined and become more elegant with time. The wines that come from areas characterized by caillottes and Graviottes are instead more subtle and delicate, always endowed with great freshness. In general they are considered among the best Sauvignon Blanc ever.

Sangiovese di Romagna Superiore

Sannio

Sauternes

The Sauternes AOC appellation is located on the left bank of the Garonne, in the southern area of the Graves and includes the territory of several municipalities: Barsac, Bommes, Fargues Preignac and Sauternes. It is an area of ancient traditions, already famous at the time of the Roman occupation of Gaul. The particular microclimate, with a high rate of humidity and the presence of morning mists during the autumn season, allows Botrytis cinerea to develop the noble molds responsible for the aromas of the wines of Sauternes AOC on the grapes. The sauvignon blanc, sémillon and muscadelle grapes are harvested late, only after the development of Botrytis and vinified once dried. The wines thus produced are rich in sugars, with intense and complex aromas. However, they retain a good acidity, which makes it always very pleasant to drink. They are wines of great prestige and fame, with an aging potential that can go up to several tens of years. Perfect to combine with foie gras, a cutting board, blue cheeses or seasoned and tasty cheeses.

Serrapetrona

Sforzato di Valtellina

Sforzato di Valtellina DOCG is a denomination that extends over a series of municipalities on the side of the Rhaetian Alps in the province of Sondrio. It is a wine obtained after a drying of the grapes for a few months in special fruit boxes. The main grape variety of the denomination is nebbiolo , locally called chiavennasca, which according to the specifications must be present in a minimum percentage of 90%, with a possible balance of 10% of other red berried grapes authorized in the province of Sondrio. Sforzato di Valtellina DOCG is a wine with great structure, complexity and aromatic concentration, warm, soft and enveloping.

Sherry

Sicilia

Sicilia DOC is a general denomination, which covers the whole territory of Sicily. The specification provides for the production of sparkling wine, white, rosé and red wines. The most used grape varieties are: catarratto, inzolia, chardonnay, grecanico, grillo, carricante, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, viogner, muscat of Alexandria, nero d'Avola, frappato, nerello mascalese, perricone, nocera, cabernet sauvignon and syrah.

Soave

Soave DOC is one of the most traditional wines on the Italian white landscape. It was born in the hilly area north-east of Verona and has its classic area, historically more suitable, in the municipalities of Soave and Monforte d'Alpone. The ampelographic base is set by the specification in a minimum of 70% garganega with a possible addition of Trebbiano di Soave and chardonnay for a maximum of 30%. Grapes from white grape varieties, non-aromatic, suitable for cultivation for the Province of Verona for a maximum of 5% can also contribute. Soave DOC is a well-structured wine, harmonious and balanced with excellent aging potential.

Stellenbosch

Suvereto

Taurasi

The Taurasi DOCG wine is one of the great aging reds produced in southern Italy. The area is limited by the specification to a series of municipalities in the province of Avellino. The ampelographic base is set in a minimum of 85% of Aglianico, other non-aromatic red berried grapes can compete, authorized in the province of Avellino for a maximum of 15%. Taurasi DOCG is an austere and intense wine, particularly suitable for long aging in wood. It is a wine with great aging potential.

Teroldego Rotaliano

Terre Aquilane

Terre Siciliane

The Typical Geographical Indication Terre Siciliane provides for the possibility of producing white, rosé and red wines throughout the administrative territory of the Sicily region. The vines most used in the Terre Siciliane IGT denomination are: catarratto, inzolia, chardonnay, grecanico, grillo, carricante, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, viogner, muscat of Alexandria, nero d'Avola, frappato, nerello mascalese, perricone, nocera, cabernet sauvignon and syrah.

Terre Siciliane

The Typical Geographical Indication Terre Siciliane provides for the possibility of producing white, rosé and red wines throughout the administrative territory of the Sicily region. The vines most used in the Terre Siciliane IGT denomination are: catarratto, inzolia, chardonnay, grecanico, grillo, carricante, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, viogner, muscat of Alexandria, nero d'Avola, frappato, nerello mascalese, perricone, nocera, cabernet sauvignon and syrah.

Terre di Chieti

Terre di Chieti IGT wines can be produced in the entire administrative territory of the province of Chieti. Abruzzo is a land of ancient traditions, very suitable for the cultivation of both red and white grape varieties. The legislation of the Typical Geographical Indication Terre di Chieti provides for the possibility of producing white, rosé and red wines. The most used varieties are: Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, pecorino, passerina, cococciola, Aglianico, cabernet sauvignon, merlot, sangiovese.

Tokaji

Torgiano

Toscana

The Typical Tuscany Geographical Indication provides for the possibility of producing white, rosé and red wines throughout the administrative territory of the Tuscany region. Toscana IGT wines must be obtained from grapes authorized for cultivation in the Tuscany region. It is a very broad and generic IGT linked to a territory of great traditions and of safe quality.

Trentino

The Trentino DOC denomination includes the territory of numerous municipalities in the province of Trento. The specification provides for an ampelographic base for whites of a minimum of 80% of chardonnay and / or pinot blanc, with a possible balance of up to 20% of sauvignon and / or müller Thurgau and / or white manzoni. With mention of white grape variety: chardonnay, yellow muscat, müller Thurgau, nosiola, pinot bianco, pinot grigio, Italian riesling, riesling, sauvignon, gewürztraminer (minimum 85%). As for the rosés, the required ampelographic base is defined in enantio and / or schiava and / or teroldego and / or lagrein, at least in pairs, each present in the maximum of 70%, while for the reds: cabernet franc and / or cabernet sauvignon and / or carmenère and / or merlot. With mention of the red grape variety: pink muscat, cabernet franc, cabernet sauvignon, carmenère, lagrein, marzemino, merlot, pinot noir, rebo (minimum 85%). The Trentino DOC denomination is wide and varied, but which always ensures a high quality level of the wines.

Trento

Trento DOC is one of the most prestigious Italian denominations for the production of Classic Method Sparkling Wines . The production area includes the most suitable parcels of a large series of municipalities in the province of Trento. The specification of the Trento DOC denomination provides, for the production of Classic Method White Sparkling Wine, Rosé, also Riserva, an ampelographic base of chardonnay and / or pinot bianco and / or pinot nero and / or pinot meunier. The minimum period of stay on the lees is 15 months, 24 months for the vintage and 36 months for the Reserves.

Trevenezie

Umbria

The regulation of the Typical Umbria Geographical Indication foresees the possibility of producing white, rosé and red wines. The production area includes the entire administrative territory of the provinces of Perugia and Terni of the Umbria region. The green heart of Italy has an ancient tradition in the field of viticulture. Its hilly territory and continental climate provide excellent conditions for the cultivation of both red and white grape varieties. The wines of the Umbria IGT denomination can be produced with all the vines suitable for cultivation in the Umbria Region and registered in the national register of vine varieties for wine grapes. The most cultivated varieties are: sagrantino, sangiovese, merlot, cabernet sauvignon, grechetto, trebbiano spoletino.

Uruguay

Val de Loire

Val di Cornia

Valdadige

Valdarno di Sopra

Valle d'Aosta

Valle de Cafayate

Valle de Casablanca

Valle de Colchagua

The Valle de Colchagua is one of the most interesting emerging areas of Chilean viticulture. Located in the southwest half of the Rapel Valley, it is characterized by optimal climatic conditions, the result of its proximity to the Equator which ensures a warm and dry climate, tempered by the breezes of the Pacific Ocean, rivers and occasional rains. Although the most relevant wines are obtained from red berried grapes, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère and Syrah, in some areas this cooling is so important as to allow the cultivation of white berried varieties. Nestled between the coastal hills and the Andean foothills, its slopes are the most sought-after areas as they are generally granite with strong drainage which stress the vines forcing them to produce fewer grapes but more concentrated substances, and because they tend to be cooler areas than the valley floor characterized by a more pronounced temperature range between day and night leading to the production of grapes with an excellent balance between sugars and acidity. The Tinguiririca river that flows in the northern part where most of the wineries are concentrated, due to the action of the river course that carries water but also clays that slime that make the land particularly fertile and conducive to viticulture.

Valle de Guadalupe

Valle de Leyda

Valle de Tupungato

Valle de Uco

Valle del Limarì

Valle del Maipo

Valle del Rapel

Valles Calchaquìes

Valpolicella

The Valpolicella DOC denomination includes the hilly area north-west of Verona. It is an area of ancient traditions, already famous in ancient Roman times for the quality of its wines. The continental climate, mitigated by the presence of nearby Lake Garda and the beautiful sunny exposures, constitute an ideal habitat for the cultivation of red berried grapes. The most cultivated vines are the indigenous ones of the territory: corvina, corvinone, rondinella, molinara and oseleta. Valpolicella DOC red wines are appreciated above all for harmony and balance, great freshness and drinkability.

Valpolicella Ripasso

The Valpolicella Ripasso DOC denomination is reserved for the production of a wine made through a particular process. Valpolicella Ripasso is produced starting from the basic Valpolicella wine, then kept on the residual pomace of Amarone for about 2 weeks. Through this process, the wine acquires greater structure, more intense, mature and deep aromas, the wine thus obtained is very harmonious, soft and velvety, persistent and long-lasting.

Valtellina

Veneto

The Typical Geographical Indication Veneto, Veneto IGT, includes the entire territory of the provinces of Belluno, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona, Vicenza. Among the Italian regions, Veneto is one of those that can boast an ancient and consolidated tradition in the field of viticulture and the production of great wines. Its wines were, in fact, already famous in the times of the ancient Romans and fame has been preserved over the centuries until it reaches intact to the present day. The wines of the Typical Veneto Geographical Indication confirm the high quality level of Venetian production, both in the field of reds and whites. The vines suitable for cultivation for the respective provinces can contribute to the preparation of the Veneto IGT wines. There are many varieties of indigenous grapes grown in the region, complemented by a noble selection of international varieties, present for centuries in the area. The range of Veneto IGT wines offers a wide choice of both red and white wines, always guaranteeing an excellent level and an excellent quality / price ratio.

Venezia

Venezia Giulia

Venezia Giulia IGT is a denomination that includes the entire territory of the provinces of Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine. Friuli Venezia Giulia is a region historically very suitable for the cultivation of vines. The climatic conditions and the nature of the soils have proved, since ancient times, ideal for producing great wines, especially with white berried grapes. The natural protection offered by the Julian Alps from the cold north winds and the influence of the gentle breezes of the Adriatic Sea, create a mild climate of an almost Mediterranean mold. The soils, made up of precious layers of marl and sandstone or from ancient river deposits, have proved to be very suitable for hosting a viticulture marked by the search for quality. The region can boast a rich heritage of interesting native grapes. However, during the nineteenth century, many international vines were introduced, which have perfectly acclimatized, expressing themselves on high quality levels. Today the offer of Venezia Giulia IGT wines is wide and always of high quality, in line with the best local traditions.

Ventoux

Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi

Verdicchio di Matelica

Vermentino di Gallura

Vermentino di Sardegna

Vermentino di Sardegna DOC is one of the most appreciated Italian white wines to accompany seafood. According to the specification, it can be produced in the whole territory of Sardinia. The island has an ancient tradition in the field of viticulture, which dates back to the time of the first Phoenician colonization. The warm and breezy climate, typically Mediterranean and the presence of the gentle sea breezes, are particularly favorable conditions for the cultivation of the vine. The ampelographic base of Vermentino di Sardegna DOC is fixed, also for the sparkling and sparkling versions, in a minimum of 85% of Vermentino. Grapes from other non-aromatic white grape varieties, authorized in the Sardinia region for a maximum of 15%, may possibly contribute. Vermentino di Sardegna DOC is an intense, soft and harmonious wine, with rich fruity aromas and balanced freshness.

Vermouth di Torino

Vernaccia di San Gimignano

Verona

Veronese

Vicenza

Vigneti delle Dolomiti

The Typical Geographical Indication Vigneti delle Dolomiti can be used for white, red and rosé wines, produced in the territories of the provinces of Trento, Bolzano and Belluno. Vigneti delle Dolomiti IGT is an interregional denomination, which finds its unitary connotation in the belonging of the production territories to the Dolomite area. The Typical Geographical Indication Vigneti delle Dolomiti identifies mountain wines, produced in areas, which, due to their climate and land, are very suitable for viticulture based on the search for the highest quality. The Vigneti delle Dolomiti IGT wines can be obtained with grapes of vines suitable for cultivation in the provinces of Bolzano and Trento in the Alto Adige region, and Belluno in the Veneto region, registered in the National Register of vine varieties for wine grapes, with the exclusion of a series of vines indicated in the legislation. Vigneti delle Dolomiti IGT is a denomination that traditionally produces excellent wines, with an excellent quality / price ratio.

Vin Santo del Chianti

Vinho Verde

Vino Spumante di Qualità

The mention Quality Sparkling Wine is used for all sparkling wines produced within the territory of denominations, which do not expressly provide for the type of sparkling wine in the specification. It can also be used in the event that, by choice of vines or production processes, sparkling wines do not fall within the discipline of the territorial denomination of belonging. Often these are true excellences of small territories or sparkling wines made with particular and interesting native vines. The law establishes some basic rules to guarantee the quality and homogeneity of Quality Sparkling Wine . The minimum natural alcoholic strength cannot be less than 10% vol. The liquer de tirage can be composed, together with yeasts and sucrose, only of: grape must, partially fermented grape must from which a table wine or VQPRD can be obtained The duration of the quality sparkling wine preparation process, including the aging of the product in the production company, must not be less than 9 months from the beginning of the second fermentation. The duration of the fermentation and the permanence of the wine on the lees cannot be less than 60 days. Furthermore, quality sparkling wine must have an overpressure of 3.5 atmospheres at the time of opening, reduced to 3 atmospheres if the container has a capacity of less than 25 cL.

Vittoria

Vosne-Romanée

Vouvray

Wachau

Western Cape

Worcester

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